Tuesday, 14 June 2011

5500 (Year, BC)

Important Events (c. 5500 BC):
  • Agriculture started in Ancient Egypt.
  • Beginning of Cucuteni-Trypillian culture from region of modern-day Romania, Moldova, & southwestern Ukraine.
  • Beginning of the Xinle culture in China.

Tags: Ancient Egypt - China - Moldova - Romania - Ukraine - Xinle
Posted by ALCHEssMIST - Alchemipedia - Cetacographer - Nirvana - Tags alliance.

Saturday, 11 June 2011

5450 (Year, BC)

Important Events:
  • Volcano Hekla eruption occurred c. 5450 BC.
  • Domuztepe, a late Neolithic settlement in south east Turkey, was abandoned in c. 5450 BC.

Tags: Domuztepe - Neolithic - Turkey - Volcano
Posted by ALCHEssMIST - Alchemipedia - Cetacographer - Nirvana - Tags alliance.

Saturday, 12 February 2011

1400 (Year, BC)

1400 BC Important Facts:
  • Palace of Minos destroyed by fire.
  • Thebes, capital of Egypt is believed to be the largest city of the world - taking over the lead from Memphis in Egypt.
  • The political height of the Canaanite town of Ugarit.
Circa 1400 BC:
  • The Assyrians became very powerful.
  • Marks the beginning of the Mycenaean era.
  • Shift in the center of political and cultural power, in the Aegean, from Crete to mainland Greece.
  • The Lion Gate is made at Hattushash (now near modern Boghazkeui, Turkey).
Circa 1400 BC to more recent:
  • 1400 BC – 1350 BC – Garden of Nebamum (Pond in a Garden) wall painting from the tomb of Nebamum, Thebes. 18th dynasty of Egypt.
  • 1400 BC – 1200 BC—Two women with a child, found in the palace at Mycenae, Greece, are made.
Tags: Aegean - Assyrian - Crete - Egypt - Greece - Hattushash - Lion Gate - Memphis - Mycenae - Thebes - Turkey

Posted by ALCHEssMIST - Alchemipedia - Cetacographer - Nirvana - Tags alliance.

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Saturday, 15 January 2011

384 (Year, BC)

Events:
  • Alliance between Athens & Chios (decree passed in summer 384 B.C.). [1]
  • Battle of the Trausian Plain (c.390-384 B.C.)
  • Lysias, the Athenian orator, on the occasion of the Olympiad, rebukes the Greeks for allowing themselves to be dominated by the Syracusan tyrant Dionysius I and by the barbarian Persians. [W]
Births:
  • Aristotle, Greek philosopher (d. 322 BC)
  • Demosthenes, Greek statesman & orator (d. 322 BC)

References:
[W] - Wikipedia
[1] - I.A.F. Bruce (1965). The Alliance Between Athens and Chios i 384 B.C. Phoenix 19(4):281-

Tags: 384 BC - Aristotle - Athens - Chios - Demosthenes - Dionysius I - Lysias

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Saturday, 8 January 2011

249 (Year, BC)


249 BC - General Facts:
  • A year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar.
  • Was known at the time as the Year of the Consulship of Pulcher and Pullus.
  • The 249 BC label for this year comes from when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
Battle of Drepana:
  • Involved the Romans, under the command of the Roman consuls, Publius Claudius Pulcher & Lucius Iunius Pullus.
  • They attacked the Carthaginian fleet, under the command of Adherbal, in the harbour of Drepanum (in modern Trapani, Sicily).
  • The Roman command was severely defeated with a loss of 93 of their 123 vessels.
  • Publius Claudius Pulcher is fined 120,000 asses as punishment for the defeat.
  • Lucius Iunius Pullus commits suicide following the shame of defeat.
Post Battle of Drepana:
  • Aulus Atilius Calatinus is elected dictator.
  • Aulus Atilius Calatinus leads an army into Sicily, becoming the first dictator to lead a Roman army outside Italy.

Tags: Anno Domini Calendar - Aulus Atilius Calatinus - Battle of Drepana - Carthaginian Fleet - Consulship of Pulcher and Pullus - Lucius Iunius Pullus - Publius Claudius Pulcher - Sicily - Trapani

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Thursday, 7 October 2010

1347 (Year)


Events Timeline (1347):
  • 2 February – The Byzantine civil war between John VI Kantakouzenos & the regency for John V Palaiologos ends with Kantakouzenos entering Constantinople.
  • May – Agreement reorganizing the Byzantine Empire's affairs is finalized with Anna of Savoy's son John V Palaiologos marrying John VI Kantakouzenos' 15-year-old daughter Helena.
  • May – Genoese ships after fleeing the Black Death plague in Kaffa stop in Constantinople - causing contamination of the city.
  • 20 May – Roman commoner, Cola di Rienzo, declares himself Emperor of Rome in response to years of baronic power-struggles.
  • 2 August – The Islamic Bahmani Kingdom is established on the Indian subcontinent.
  • September – The English win the city of Calais in the Hundred Years' War.
  • 1 September – The Black Death reaches the French city of Marseilles
  • October – Ships arrive in southern Italy with the Black Plague.
  • November – Pope Clement VI unites several of Rome's upper-class nobility, who drive Cola di Rienzo out of the city.
  • November – King Phillip of France meets with the Estates General to ask for funds to further the war effort against the English.
  • 1 November – Black Death spreads to Aix-en-Provence in France.
  • December – Plague hits the island of Majorca.
  • 25 December – First cases of the plague recorded in the city of Split in Croatia.
Births (Timeline) 1347:
  • 6 February – Dorothea of Montau - German hermitess and visionary (d. 1394)
  • 27 February – Alberto d'Este - Lord of Ferrara and Modena (d. 1393)
  • 25 March – Catherine of Siena - Italian saint (d. 1380)
  • 28 July – Margherita of Durazzo - Queen consort of Charles III of Naples (d. 1412)
  • 29 August – John Hastings - 2nd Earl of Pembroke, medieval English nobleman and soldier (d. 1375)
Births (date unknown) 1347:
  • Eleanor of Arborea - ruler of Sardinia (d. 1404)
  • Elizabeth of Pomerania - 4th & final wife of Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1393)
  • Emperor Go-Kameyama - 99th Emperor of Japan (d. 1424)
  • Frederick III, Duke of Austria - second son of Duke Albert II of Austria (d. 1362)
  • Richardis of Schwerin - queen consort of Sweden (d. 1377)
Deaths (Timeline) 1347:
  • February 2 – Thomas Bek - Bishop of Lincoln, was the bishop of Lincoln (b. 1282)
  • May 30 – John Darcy - 1st Baron Darcy de Knayth, English peer (b. 1290)
  • June – John de Warenne - 8th Earl of Surrey, 8th Earl of Surrey (b. 1286)
  • June 11 – Bartholomew of San Concordio - Italian Dominican canonist & man of letters (b. 1260)
  • September 7 – Margaret de Audley - daughter of Hugh de Audley, 1st Earl of Gloucester (b. 1318)
  • October 11 – Louis IV - Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1282)
  • November – Richard de Pilmuir - bishop of Dunkeld
  • November 12 – John of Viktring - Austrian chronicler & political advisor in Carinthia (b. 1270–1280)
  • November 15 – James I of Urgell - Prince of Aragon (b. 1321)
Deaths (date unknown) 1347:
  • Adam Murimuth - English ecclesiastic & chronicler (b. 1274)
  • Blanca de La Cerda y Lara - Spanish nobelwoman (b. 1317)
  • Hazrat Shah Jalal - sufi saint of Bengal (b. 1271)
  • John de Egglescliffe - English bishop
  • Kokan Shiren - Japanese Rinzai Zen patriarch & celebrated Chinese poet (b. 1278)
  • Lamberto II and Pandolfo da Polenta - brothers & lords of Ravenna & Cervia
  • Peter III of Arborea - Judge of Arborea
  • William of Ockham - English Philosopher (b. 1288)

Tags: Black Death - Bubonic Plague - Constantinople - William of Ockham
Posted by ALCHEssMIST - Alchemipedia - Cetacographer - Nirvana - Tags alliance.