Saturday, 15 January 2011

384 (Year, BC)

Events:
  • Alliance between Athens & Chios (decree passed in summer 384 B.C.). [1]
  • Battle of the Trausian Plain (c.390-384 B.C.)
  • Lysias, the Athenian orator, on the occasion of the Olympiad, rebukes the Greeks for allowing themselves to be dominated by the Syracusan tyrant Dionysius I and by the barbarian Persians. [W]
Births:
  • Aristotle, Greek philosopher (d. 322 BC)
  • Demosthenes, Greek statesman & orator (d. 322 BC)

References:
[W] - Wikipedia
[1] - I.A.F. Bruce (1965). The Alliance Between Athens and Chios i 384 B.C. Phoenix 19(4):281-

Tags: 384 BC - Aristotle - Athens - Chios - Demosthenes - Dionysius I - Lysias

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Saturday, 8 January 2011

249 (Year, BC)


249 BC - General Facts:
  • A year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar.
  • Was known at the time as the Year of the Consulship of Pulcher and Pullus.
  • The 249 BC label for this year comes from when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.
Battle of Drepana:
  • Involved the Romans, under the command of the Roman consuls, Publius Claudius Pulcher & Lucius Iunius Pullus.
  • They attacked the Carthaginian fleet, under the command of Adherbal, in the harbour of Drepanum (in modern Trapani, Sicily).
  • The Roman command was severely defeated with a loss of 93 of their 123 vessels.
  • Publius Claudius Pulcher is fined 120,000 asses as punishment for the defeat.
  • Lucius Iunius Pullus commits suicide following the shame of defeat.
Post Battle of Drepana:
  • Aulus Atilius Calatinus is elected dictator.
  • Aulus Atilius Calatinus leads an army into Sicily, becoming the first dictator to lead a Roman army outside Italy.

Tags: Anno Domini Calendar - Aulus Atilius Calatinus - Battle of Drepana - Carthaginian Fleet - Consulship of Pulcher and Pullus - Lucius Iunius Pullus - Publius Claudius Pulcher - Sicily - Trapani

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